India is in an enviable position on the world map. A large percent-age of our population is between the ages of 15 and 25 years. If this group is groomed and nurtured well, it can be a catalyst for huge economic prosperity for our country.The biggest driver of tapping the talent of these youngsters is education. New opportunities have emerged for making the education system and learning more technologically savvy. We have a great opportunity to build a completely new understanding of learning for our next group of learners. There has already been an impetus being given to the adoption of technology, with global EdTech investments reaching US$18.66 billion in 2019 and the overall market for online education projected to grow to $350 billion by 2025. Hybrid learning has gained exponential momentum and is finding favour with teachers and those being taught. Virtual tutoring, video conferencing tools or online learning software, teaching apps, blended learning or hybrid models have gained popularity over the past decade. Moving forward, students will learn in a variety of delivery modes - a. face to face in a blended format b. fully online to facilitate the development of flexible skills. In the event of a crisis, learning can continue from home with short and intense sessions at school when they come back. To ensure learning continuity, education needs to be delivered both online and offline, i.e. on a real-time basis or in a pre-recorded mode. A balance has to be struck between synchronous and asynchronous engagement and peer engagement by creating a model of design thinking. Hybrid learning The nature of education and learning will become hybrid by de-fault. Trends that were in their nascent stage earlier, flipped class-rooms will take on a more important role. Technological practices will be used to build a sense of community. This will ensure engagement. Hybrid learning in the coming decade will see improved flexibility, greater learning options, mentoring, which goes beyond boundaries, accessibility to systems across the world, and enhanced peer learning. Greater usage of e-proctoring tools will help to assess and ensure feedback in a fair environment; create newer approaches to make learning impactful, relevant and engaging. Challenges of hybrid learning model On the one hand, maintaining learning continuity is critical for school-going students through hybrid learning. On the other hand, there seems to be a sense of urgency to bring them to the walls of the school premises. Learning consistency, routine and developmental learning windows are very important factors for school-going children, i.e. below the age of 15 years. The whole child approach to teaching supports and nurtures all areas of child development i.e. skills, abilities, values, competencies through a face-to-face mode. It is here that they learn about social, emotional and cognitive skills to literacy and building a scientific temper which helps in the transition of children as they move up in school.. The world has changed drastically. Along with it, all aspects of hu-man development to which education is the most central. Class-room transformation is where teacher will continue to be relevant. Today more than ever, the dilution of boundaries has created both interdependence and insecurity. All learning systems have to give out a request for action for partnerships and alliances to move from a self-centered existence to co-existence, from collision to reciprocation, from alienation to association. To achieve meaningful edu-cation, we must enable our children to live together in mutual empowerment..
The Education Board defines a Final Examination as a test scheduled within an official examination period. It serves as the final evaluation of student performance in a course. Needless to say, exams come with their share of nervousness and anxiety that most students have faced at some or the other time. While it’s complete-ly normal to feel nervous before a test, some students find test anxiety sapping. Moving thoughts, inability to focus, or feelings of apprehension can combine with physical symptoms like headache, increased heartbeat, nausea etc. The key to success of these tests is how to relieve ourselves from the mental blocks and it in turn comes out with flying colours.
What are the causes of Test Anxiety? It includes fear of failure, lack of proper preparation, or even not-so-good past experiences of tak-ing tests. Relax! You’re not the only one. This is what you can do to stay calm leading up to and during your exams.
1. Prep Yourself It is needless to say, but it bears reiterating. If you feel confident that you’ve prepped thoroughly, you will feel more confident going into the examination hall. Read Sanjiv Prakashan books to review tough concepts or questions. Our books can provide that extra boost you need to feel composed and confident.
2. Ensure good sleep at night Having an adequate rest of up to 8 to 9 hours is likely to be more beneficial than rereading a text until early morning. Mugging up is never the answer, and studying through the night can increase your nerves.
3. Reach Exam Hall well in time Start getting ready for the test the night before. Start by setting an alarm. Wake up early in the morning, leave home on time, and reach the centre before time.
4. Let Go of Perfectionism You may have been a perfectionist until now who went into exams with the feeling that you have studied everything. It can be emo-tionally difficult to let go of perfectionism, but you must try. Remind yourself that your upcoming exam is important, but your entire fu-ture doesn't depend on this exam.
5. Do Anxiety Control. Procedure to reduce your tension. Its a simple exercise and many students have found that it really helps lower anxiety to a great extent. • Close your eyes. • Breathe in slowly to the count of ten, and exhale to the count of ten. • Continue this slow breathing until you actually feel your body begin to relax. • Open your eyes and tell your self (“You are going to do well. You have prepared well. You’re doing the best you can.")
6. Change your perspective Getting a few more marks here and there is not going to make much of a difference. What you learn and how many things you grasp right now will make a world of difference. Sure, everyone wants good grades, but what’s more important is what you actually learn and retain, along with the experiences and relationships you’re building outside of class.
7. Surround yourself with positive people Who you spend your time with matters a lot, so try to stay away from negative people. Their words should not influence you. What is important is you and your self-image.
8. Eat or drink dark chocolate They work as good stress relievers as they help release dopamine, the pleasure hormone in your body.
Always remember that exams are just a part of your life, not life it-self. Don’t measure your value on the basis of your marks.
Exams at the end of the academic session is a testimony to what the students have learned throughout the year. The mere thought of Board exams comes with its own share of anxiety, uneasiness, tension, exam stress. What is needed by the students is the understanding how to overcome these factors and how to successfully prepare for them.Don’t let the above factors impact your exam performance. Boost your prepa-ration and fly high with your confidence. Ensure smooth performance by adopting following methods: • Goal setting: Studying for long hours isn’t necessarily the best mantra. Our brain has the tendency to lose focus and steam in less than an hour of continuous studying. While for preparing for your Board exams, set short goals to yield long term results. For instance, pick up a topic and set a short time frame to cover the topic of let’s say 30 minutes. Complete the topic, take a stretching break and then move on to the next topic/goal. • Time Management: Strategizing the exam preparation is the key point to attain excellent scores in CBSE Term 2 exams. Ensure that you prepare the correct way by starting with making a time table. Planning your study in advance is required to know how much syllabus is needed to be covered. A well planned schedule will ensure that the important elements fit into the available time period. • Light exercise: The easiest way to release the tension or any sort of discomfort while studying is to do light exercise. This may include slow breathing, stretching, walking, playing light games. These activities calm your mind and keep you fresh and relaxed. • Take short breaks: It is extremely important to take breaks in between your study hours. Not only will it keep you relaxed and alert, it’ll help you sleep better. It’s a know fact that spending time outdoors lowers the stress levels even if it for just five minutes. • Reduce distractions: Social media these days is a necessary evil. But, do social media fasting dur-ing exam days. Research has shown that being active on networking sites may make you feel stressed or experience ‘FOMO’ (Fear Of Missing Out). Avoid-ing social media even for a few hours a day will assist you to focus on your goals and prevent you from getting lost in the trending posts. Have a digital detox and you’ll be sure to have a positive study session! • Healthy diet: Take your meals on time as hunger is one of the biggest distractions. Choose your snacks/meals according to the impact they would leave on you, not ac-cording to the taste. If you are feeling burdened while mugging and revising your syllabus, taking food and drinks that are high in sugar or caffeine will on-ly enhance your stress. Instead, make sure you are eating healthy food. This will help you stay calm and help in boosting your brainpower. Don’t eat it heavy meals. Take short meals after regular intervals.
Soil provides the nutrients needed for plant growth, animal life, and millions of microorganisms. It is home to many living things apart from being key to carbon cycle. However, if soil becomes unstable, unhealthy, or polluted, the life cycle comes to a halt. Soil conservation aims at keeping soils healthy. People committed to soil conservation help ensure that soil is productive and fertile, and protect it from wearing and decay.Major thread to soil conservation are: 1. Climate Change 2. Burning & Clearing forests for farming 3. Overuse of land Why should we conserve soil? Soil conservation helps in sustaining and providing huge benefits • Increased fertility enhances crop yields and reduces the need for chemical fertilizers • Water storage through better filtration and prevent soil from drying out • Soil producing vegetation is a source of nourishment animals and offers protection from the elements • It minimises loss of fertile and arable land, thereby impacting crops and livestock production, as well as the economy • Decreases pollution and sedimentation flowing in streams and rivers, affecting fish and other species • Reduces erosion and environmental desertification and degradation of land which in turn increases flooding and negatively impacting forest ecosystems What practices shall we adopt to conserve soil? Crop rotation: Instead of planting the same crop year after year on the same plot of land (monocropping), crop rotation involves planning out growing sea-sons for different crops. Terrace farming: It is an agricultural practice that uses steps or terraces, built into the slopes of hilly or mountainous areas to create a water catchment sys-tem for crops. Contour farming: Like terrace farming, contour farming involves growing crops on hills, but instead of changing the structure of a hill, the farmers should use its natural slope. No-till farming: It protects the soil from moisture loss due to high tempera-tures because cover crop residue remains on the surface of the soil. Reestablishment of Forest Cover: In the areas where soil has degraded, the reestablishment of forest cover can improve the quality of soil and restore ecosystem health. This provides shade for crops and is specially useful for forest farming. Earthworms: As the earthworms in the soil digest plant matter, they release necessary nutrients into the soil. Their tunnel networks create air channels that assist water move through the soil. Windbreaks: Rows of trees and bushes are planted between fields of crops, reducing the erosive power of the wind on the soil. Windbreaks also provide homes for living beings. Grassed Waterways: They are furrows for water streams with a grass cover-ing. It is joined to a pit, ditch or current to store water. The grassroots keep the earth in place which protects it from water erosion. This, in turn, contributes to soil conservation. Say no to Pesticides and Synthetic Fertilisers: Using Chemicals to control weeds and pest infections is quite harmful and hinders soil conservation. Switching to alternative ways to solve the problem is highly recommended. These alternative methods are biological and cultural options - restoration of fertility with green and animal manure, compost etc.
Padma awards, the highest civilian honours in the country have now truly become comparatively more democratic. And now we all will see ordinary people doing extraordinary deeds and getting observed and finding a place in the list of Padma awardees!.We can say that either a new system has been put in place, or the existing system has been reinvented wherein everyone has an equal opportunity to propose anyone for this prestigious award. Until now, the nation had probably not been able to discover all the real hidden hero(es/ines) yet. Now, with this change, moving forward these awards will become more and more accessible as well as inclusive. The award process appears to have been democratized, with the active participation of the masses. Now, nominations can be made by anyone for all these awards - Padma awards, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri. The differentiator now is that many people with low advertising and marketing capabilities about their achievements are being nominated. Consider a few examples: Swami Sivananda is a 125 year old yog guru who practises and teaches yoga at the ghats in Kashi.Onarch 21 ,2022 he became the oldest person to receive Padma Shri.Clad in white dhoti kurta ,Sivananda started walking on the ramp towards President Kovind but stopped midway and knelt infront of PM Modi.The Prime Minister returned his gesture twice.Everyone praised his humble gesture. Tulsi Gowda walked barefoot amidst thunderous applause at the Award Ceremony in Rashtrapati Bhavan. Haerakala Hajabba, a fruit seller, built a school for the underprivileged children with his meagre earnings. Mohammed Sharif, 83, a bicycle mechanic performed the last rites of over 25,000 unclaimed bodies over the past 30 years - all such inspiring persons. Critics and citizens might have varying opinions about the different decisions made by the existing government, but no one can point fingers for bringing the common man on to the centre stage of the nation’s highest civilian honours. A big round of applause to Modiji for this change. Comparisons would definitely be made between the current and previous set of Padma awardees and critics may claim a dilution of the stature of the civilian awards. But considering general perception, this is a clear winner. Many have the opinion that while people living in metros and state capitals had greater access to the power elite, and hence many deserving candidates did not even stand a chance. Now, with the government calling for nominations, things have become different. Nominations thus received go through a scrutiny process and those shortlisted, are further reviewed by the government bodies for recommendations. The Padma awards have had their share of controversies due to which public perceptions were built that they are given not as per merit, but as per the influence one has with the authorities. It was perceived that the deserving candidates were missed out because of this. By making the awards accessible to all those who are deserving is definitely a step in the right direction. This will open up Pandora’s box and encourage the unsung heroes to receive the recognition that they truly deserve. Hail to the new regime for taking another step towards making our country a better to place to live.